Parks in Alpharetta Georgia

Parks in Alpharetta Georgia

Parks are found all over Alpharetta Georgia for kids and adults

Keep boredom and lack of exercise from creeping into your lifestyle. Knowing where to go in Alpharetta, Georgia for fun outdoor activities, nature walks meandering alongside rivers and lakes, or simply time to play, you can get out more often and fight to preserve your health.

72tree.com gathered the following location and history information about several open air parks in the City of Alpharetta, Ga

1. Winward Community Park

Parks for kids and adults in Alpharetta Georgia include Winward Park Playground

Photo Credit: alpharetta.ga.us

Location – 6435 Windward Pkwy, Alpharetta, GA 30005

Description – Windward Community Park is a three-acre space nestled along the Windward Parkway corridor close to McGinnis Ferry Road. This new community park opened in June 2020 and features a multi-element playground. You will also find picnic pavilions, walking/jogging paths, swings, restrooms, and open green space.

Hours – This park is open during daylight hours.

Contact Number – 678-297-6123

2. North Park Park

Parks for kids and adults in Alpharetta Georgia include North Park Park

Photo Credit: mapquest.com

Location – 13450 Cogburn Rd, Alpharetta, GA 30004

Description – This 97-acre park includes five tennis courts, two multi-purpose synthetic turf fields, eight softball fields, two playgrounds, Adult Activity Center, a lake, Arts Building, a reflection garden, and a walking trail. Two picnic pavilions can be used for gatherings or celebrations (one is first-come, first-serve and the other is available for rental).

Hours – Sunrise to 10pm

Contact Number – 678-297-6130

3. Webb Bridge Park & Arboretum

Parks for kids and adults in Alpharetta Georgia include Webb Bridge Park

Photo Credit: tripadvisor.com

Location – 4780 Webb Bridge Road, Alpharetta, GA 30005

Description – With nearly 110 acres, this gorgeous park is located off Kimball Bridge Road bordering the city limits. The park’s many amenities include three grass soccer fields, a multi-purpose synthetic field, four baseball fields, four tennis courts, a 1-1/2 mile trail, outdoor fitness equipment, lake, concession stands, playground, and arboretum. The park also features three picnic pavilions for family gatherings and celebrations (both pavilions are available on a first-come, first-serve basis).

Hours – 8:00am to !0:00pm daily

Contact Number – 678-297-6123

4. Rock Mill Park

Parks for kids and adults in Alpharetta Georgia include Rock Mill Park

Photo Credit: tripadvisor.com

Location – 3100 Kimball Bridge Road, Alpharetta, GA 30022

Description – This 20-acre park is situated on Kimball Bridge Road at the access for Alpharetta’s Big Creek Greenway. There are nicely paved, shaded pathways that are great for walking, biking, picnicking, etc. The park also features a small group pavilion for family gatherings and celebrations (the pavilion is available on a first-come, first-serve basis).

Hours – Sunrise to 10pm

Contact Number – 678-297-6123 or 678-297-6130

5. Cogburn Road Park

Parks for kids and adults in Alpharetta Georgia include Cogburn Road Park

Photo Credit: mapquest.com

Location – 12825 Cogburn Road, Alpharetta, GA 30004

Description – Cogburn Road Park is an Alpharetta neighborhood park offering a playground, a .02 mile paved walking path, parking, restrooms, water, and pristine open green space.

Hours – Sunrise to 10pm

Contact Number – 678-297-6106

6. Garrard Landing Park

Parks for kids and adults in Alpharetta Georgia include Garrard Landing Park

Photo Credit: roswellgov.com

Location – 8000 Holcomb Bridge Rd, Alpharetta, GA 30022

Description – The Garrard Landing Park Loop has a smooth gravel/dirt surface. The impressive half-mile segment along the Chattahoochee River is fully shaded and has a wooden observation deck. The rest of the trail finds its way through an open meadow and features a man-made lake, cascading stream, covered bridge, and pond. This loop trail is generally considered an easy route and takes an average of 40 min to complete. This trail is exceptional for bird watching, fishing, and hiking.

Hours – 7am to 9pm

Contact Number – 770-641-3727

7. Big Creek Greenway

Parks for kids and adults in Alpharetta Georgia include Big Creek Greenway

Photo Credit: ajc.com

Location – 3104-3122 Kimball Bridge Rd, Alpharetta, GA 30022

Description – This concrete trail is nearly 9 miles long and gently borders Big Creek parallel to North Point Parkway, from Windward Parkway at Marconi Drive on the north end of the trail to Mansell Road on the south end. This greenway presents the perfect setting for walking, jogging, inline rollerblading, and biking.

Hours – Sunrise to 10pm

Contact Number – 678-297-6123

Backyard Landscaping

While not an official city park, you can create your own private getaway in your own backyard by installing water features, pathways, planting fragrant shrubs and fruit trees, or even building a treehouse. You will need to hire an arborist to evaluate the health of your trees and assess your landscape’s potential to be your private getaway.

Alpharetta City Parks

In this article, you discovered several places in the City of Alpharetta to escape from the hustle and stress of traffic, work, and never-ending responsibilities.

By taking time to visit, walk, or play in one of the many exceptional green spaces in the City of Alpharetta, you can supplement your daily exercise quota, relax and bond with nature, breathe fresh air, and increase your health and wellness.

Choosing to ignore your need to get out in nature and maintain regular physical activities can contribute to weight gain, chronic illnesses and other preventable conditions.

Sources:
alpharetta.ga.us/government/departments/recreation-parks/facilities
tripadvisor.com
yelp.com

This article was first published on: http://www.72tree.com/parks-in-alpharetta-georgia/

Tree Seedlings Distributed for Earth Day and Arbor Day

Spring is a favorite time of year to enjoy the weather, work in the garden and just be outside in nature. The season also brings the holidays of Earth Day and Arbor Day. Celebrating these holidays means finding ways to protect the earth and give back to our environment. It’s no surprise that here at Bartlett that means trees — caring for trees, planting them and helping others in our communities embrace and acknowledge their benefits. To help do our part, Bartlett gave away over 30,000 trees this past April!

Our efforts support tree care and planting in local communities with Bartlett offices distributing tree seedlings in schools, at events, and for reforestation efforts. We hand out many of these trees during Earth Day and Arbor Day events and activities.

tree seedlings being distributed for Arbor Day
Bartlett Arborist Representatives hand out tree seedlings to elementary school children for Arbor Day.

Native Tree Species are a Great Choice

Planting native tree species benefits the local ecosystem. These trees provide food and shelter for insects and wildlife. They are also well-adapted to the climate and growing conditions of their native region. Therefore, they are better able to survive and require less overall maintenance than non-native plants. With this in mind, most of the tree seedlings we distribute are native species. This varies depending on the location but includes many favorite trees like white oak, redbud and dogwood. 

Growing a Community

Trees connect people. Outdoor spaces are a place to socialize and create a sense of community. In fact, research has shown that there is a positive relationship between the number of trees in an area and the amount of social connection. It’s no surprise that we love talking about trees! As such, we feel lucky to have the chance to get out into the communities where we live and work to share our passion. There is nothing like seeing someone smile when they are gifted a tree!

The Future of our Planet

One of the best ways to ensure a bright, healthy future for our planet is to get children excited about nature. Kids are curious about the world around them. Interacting with children in schools and at community events provides a chance to motivate and educate. By teaching kids more about trees today, we are protecting the trees of tomorrow. We may even be inspiring the future arborists and foresters who will someday care for our world’s trees!

The post Tree Seedlings Distributed for Earth Day and Arbor Day first appeared on Tree Topics.

This post first appeared on https://www.bartlett.com/

When is the Best Time to Plant a New Tree?

Did you know it has been said that trees can add so much to a home’s value?

TreeIf you’re thinking of planting a tree or a series of trees in your yard this year, when’s the best time of the year to plant trees? Basically, the best time is when it’s not too hot or too cold and they’ll get plenty of water. In other words, you wouldn’t want to plant them in the middle of the summer during a drought season.

Planting Trees for Success

In much of the U.S., the ideal time for tree planting is late summer/early autumn. In the wintertime, roots typically stay active, as the tree acclimatizes to the soil it’s in. Springtime comes around and you’re likely to notice bursts of leaves and/or flowers coming from your fairly new tree!

The country is divided into several zones to make up a “hardiness zone” map. It’s the standard by which gardeners and growers determine which plants are most likely to thrive in certain locations. New Jersey is in zones 6 and 7, indicating that the last frost of winter is usually in mid-April, while the first frost comes around in mid-October. Ideally, you’d want to plant trees, then, in May or in late August.

Already Growing Trees

If you’re buying trees that have already been growing in a container, whereas their roots are covered with soil, they’ve already established themselves. Therefore, plant these trees in spring or fall to give them a couple of months before the ground gets really hot or really cold.

As for deciduous trees- the ones with leaves- plant them in early autumn, and keep them well-watered during the winter. Evergreens can be planted in early autumn, as well, or in late spring. Keep in mind that evergreens don’t do well in extreme heat.

If you wish to transplant a tree, moving it from one location to another on your property, do so after the ground has warmed up in the springtime or else right after leaves have fallen– so the month of October works well (before the ground freezes). Basically, the best time to plant trees is when the weather isn’t involved in extremes.

At Big Foot Tree Service, we specialize in tree removal and other landscaping services. If you’re looking to replace a dead or dying tree, we can help you out. Contact Big Foot Tree Service at 973-885-8000 today or visit us online for more information!

The post When is the Best Time to Plant a New Tree? appeared first on Big Foot Tree Service.

This post first appeared on https://www.bigfoottreeservice.com

How to Protect Trees and Shrubs During Drought

Stress from drought can seriously impact trees and shrubs. Leaves will wilt and drop. Overall tree growth is reduced and trees are more likely to become infested by insect pests or disease. Ultimately, if the water lost from leaves or needles is not replenished, the plant will dry out and may die. Here are some recommendations to help prevent moisture stress and loss of plants when drought hits.

tree damage from drought
Tree damage caused by drought.

Proper Irrigation During Dry Weather

The tree and shrub roots most responsible for water uptake are typically in the top six inches of the soil. Some trees are more adapted to drought, however, and grow deeper roots. With this in mind, irrigation will depend on the species as well as current weather conditions. 

During the growing season, irrigate shrubs and shallow-rooted species once a week. Be sure to run the hose or irrigation system long enough to moisten the soil to a depth of six inches or more. For more drought-adapted species, you may only need to irrigate every two to four weeks. Do not water daily or every few days. This may be good for turf, but is likely to cause problems for tree and shrub roots. Over watering can be as bad as too little water so be careful to irrigate landscape plants correctly.

Mulch to Conserve Soil Moisture

A two- to four-inch layer of organic mulch on the soil surface helps conserve soil moisture. This is one of the lowest-cost, most effective ways to reduce drought injury. Over time, organic mulch adds organic matter to the soil, promoting root development and improving the soil’s moisture-holding capacity. Mulched areas eliminate competition for water and nutrients from turf or other ground covers. Use any organic mulch (wood chips, shredded bark, bark nuggets, pine straw, leaves). Apply mulch any time of the year using these mulch application guidelines.

drought symptoms
Severe and persistent drought can kill trees.

Determine Soil Nutrient Needs

A soil test before fertilization can identify which nutrients are either lacking or in excess. If potassium is deficient, fertilization with this element is especially important to aid plants in overcoming drought damage. Certain forms of potassium fertilizers can also increase plant defenses to several common diseases. We can collect soil samples and apply slow-release fertilizer at any time when the soil is not frozen or too hard due to drought conditions.

Manage Insects and Disease

Plant diseases and insect pests weaken trees by damaging leaves, branches, stems, or roots. This damage makes it hard for trees to absorb and move water and nutrients, worsening the effects of drought. Identify pest and disease issues early, before serious problems develop. A Certified Arborist can check for pests and disease and apply treatments at the right time.

Over time, drought has become more common. Whether it is persistent or occasional, drought affects many tree and shrub species. It is best to take precautionary actions to lessen the effects of drought, thus reducing damage to your landscape. When replacing or adding plants to your landscape, be sure to check to see if the species are drought tolerant for your geography.

The post How to Protect Trees and Shrubs During Drought first appeared on Tree Topics.

This post first appeared on https://www.bartlett.com/

5 Common Weeds in Georgia

Common weeds in georgia can be eliminated or controlled

Prevent your yard and garden being full of pesky and undesirable weeds. Knowing how to identify weed species growing in your Georgia landscape, yard, and garden will help you control their growth before they can spread.

toddsmariettatreeservices.com gathered the following species, growing, and control information about five common weeds thriving in the state of Georgia.

1. Dandelion (Taraxacum)

Taraxacum are common weeds in georgia

The incredibly common dandelion is one of the most recognizable weeds growing in North America. The radially symmetrical flowerhead of this species is bright yellow and singularly arranged on a terminal shoot of its light-green, slender stem that secretes a milky sap when wounded. The weed’s leaves are broad and long with irregular teeth and lobes.

Growth Pattern – Dandelion weeds grow from seeds that germinate throughout the entire growing season. The weed remains in the seedling stage for approximately 8-15 weeks. Dandelions produce a rosette of tiny pale yellowish leaves. At the same time, all this is taking place above ground; the plant is growing a significantly deep root.
Size at Maturity – 2 to 6 inches in height and width
Elimination/Control – A broadleaf herbicide is excellent for killing dandelions in lawns. The herbicide will kill the dandelions and not the grass.
Seed – Dandelions can grow from seeds or by division
Is This Species Edible – Every part of a dandelion weed is edible for humans.

2. Clover (Trifolium)

Trifolium are common weeds in georgia

Clovers are typically a short-lived species and feature alternate compound leaves, usually with three toothed leaflets. Tiny but fragrant flowers are crowded into dense, spherical heads or spikes and can appear in white, pink, red, or yellow. The weed’s small, dry fruits typically contain only one or two seeds.

Growth Pattern – This species can sprout in three to four days in the summer months. Clovers can take less than a week to germinate and sprout new growth when temperatures reach 59° Fahrenheit. Clover is persistent with an aggressive root structure, choking out most other weeds.
Size at Maturity – Clover can reach 4 to 24 inches in height, depending on the variety.
Elimination/Control – One way to control clover is to prevent it before it starts. Accomplish this by fertilizing your lawn regularly (3 to 4 times per year), which gives grass the nutrients it needs to grow thick and strong. Thick lawns can easily crowd out weeds like clover.
Seed – Clover does produce seeds. However, it also spreads by taking root along creeping stems where roots emerge from nodes. This allows clover weeds to spread out over vast areas.
Is This Species Edible – Wild clover is considered poisonous in large amounts. However, in small quantities, clover is both edible and potentially beneficial to your health.

3. Kudzu (Pueraria montana)

Pueraria montana are common weeds in georgia

Kudzu is a climbing, semi-woody, perennial vine in the pea family. Deciduous leaves are alternate and compound, with three broad leaflets up to 4 inches across. While this species is considered a vine, it has made this list due to its invasive growth pattern.

Growth Pattern – Kudzu can spread up to 60 feet per growing season (in all directions). One root can produce multiple vines, all of which creep outward (horizontally and vertically), clinging to and climbing over everything while creating dense curtains of kudzu.
Size at Maturity – Undetermined. Kudzu grows exponentially in all directions once established.
Elimination/Control – Efforts to control kudzu infestations have produced mediocre results at best. These efforts included cutting, grazing, digging, burning, and herbicide application. This weed’s roots grow too deeply to be affected by freezing and burning only kills very young plants.
Seed – Kudzu typically won’t flower until its third growing season, with flowers and seeds forming only on its vertical climbing vines.
Is This Species Edible – Kudzu seeds and seed pods aren’t edible, but the leaves, roots, flowers, and vine tips are.

Note: This species can quickly climb trees and rob them of sunlight, effectively weakening or killing them. If you have any vine species climbing your trees, contact a professional tree service to help you prevent a catastrophe.

4. Crabgrass (Digitaria)

Digitaria are common weeds in georgia

Crabgrass is a fast-growing, coarse-textured yellowish-green grass that is conspicuous when found growing among smooth textured, dark green, cool-season turf.

Growth Pattern – Crabgrass seeds germinate from early spring to late summer. Crabgrass continues to grow until midsummer when its vegetative growth slows, and the weed enters its reproductive stage.
Size at Maturity – Up to 2 feet in height while lower stems radially branch out.
Elimination/Control – A highly effective way of eliminating crabgrass is to apply a pre-emergent herbicide before the crabgrass seed can germinate.
Seed – This weed produces purplish seed heads from mid-summer until frost kills the plants.
Is This Species Edible – Crabgrass is not only nutritious but one of the planet’s fastest-growing cereals, producing edible seeds in as little as six to eight weeks. This species is a horrible weed but a wonderful edible.

5. Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta)

Cardamine hirsuta are common weeds in georgia

Cardamine hirsuta, commonly referred to as “hairy bittercress,” is an annual or biennial plant species in the Brassicaceae family. It is common in moist areas around the globe.

Growth Pattern – Winter annual broadleaf weeds, like this species, germinate in late fall or winter and experience growth during any warm weather spells, which can occur in the winter, but will otherwise remain dormant during the winter. They resume growth and produce their seeds in the spring and will die with increased early summer temperatures.
Size at Maturity – 3 to 12 inches in height with varied circumferences.
Elimination/Control – Prevent invasions into turf areas by encouraging thick and healthy grass growth. This weed will easily invade thin or patchy areas.
Seed – Bittercress spreads by seeds that are dispersed as their pods explosively burst open upon maturing.
Is This Species Edible – Yes. This species is edible and often used as a salad green.

Georgia Weed Identification and Control

In this article, you discovered growing, control, and general species information on several common Georgia weed species.

Knowing how to identify a weed species and its attributes will help you eliminate or cultivate it, returning your turf to its full glory.

Ignoring the weeds that invade your Georgia landscape can quickly lead to an embarrassing, torn-up-looking yard and garden.

Sources:
hort.extension.wisc.edu/articles/dandelion-taraxacum-officinale/
plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/trifolium-repens/
misin.msu.edu/facts/detail/?id=18
ipm.ucanr.edu/PMG/WEEDS/crabgrasses.html
canr.msu.edu/resources/hairy-bittercress-cardamine-hirsuta

Todd’s Marietta Tree Services

200 Cobb Pkwy N Ste 428 Marietta, GA 30062
(678) 505-0266

Leaves Look Bad? Prevent & Treat Foliar Disease

We all know what healthy leaves look like, but what happens when they’re not healthy? Leaves can become discolored, have bumps or brown or red lesions. Smudgy spots on foliage or leaves that appear dried out or burned are also a sign of poor health. Problems impacting the leaves of trees have many causes. These foliar issues may be serious or simply cosmetic. Insects or mites are sometimes the cause. Further, drought or improper watering as well as root disease can make leaves turn yellow and die. However, foliar fungal diseases are most often the culprit.

dogwood anthracnose
Symptoms of dogwood anthracnose

Common Foliar Diseases

Some common foliar diseases are dogwood anthracnose, cherry brown rot, and apple scab to name a few. Depending on the disease, a specific tree or shrub species may be impacted or many types may be at risk. The symptoms vary from species to species. These diseases typically thrive in moist, cool weather so they are most prominent in spring. A rainy spring will further increase the likelihood of fungal infection and lengthen the time pathogens are active.

Different issues often yield similar symptoms. With this in mind, identifying the disease is key. For example, dogwood anthracnose can kill flowering dogwoods whereas dogwood spot anthracnose causes leaf and bract spots or whole-leaf blight, but does not typically not kill trees. People often confuse these diseases.

As with most things in life, it’s near impossible to fix an issue without correctly establishing the underlying cause. This is especially true in tree care since treatment recommendations can be vastly different depending on the problem. That’s why the first step in addressing any issues with the leaves should always be accurate identification of the cause. If a fungal disease is present, you can then take appropriate action to protect your trees.

Preventing Disease to Keep Leaves Healthy

One of the best things you can do in treating and preventing foliar diseases is to remove all diseased tissue. Bag impacted leaves and securely close before disposal. Do not compost them or leave them on the ground. Proper disposal of leaves eliminates the source of fungal spores that initiate infection. You may need to check again in autumn as any leaves left on the ground will re-infect the plant next spring.

cherry brown rot
Cherry tree infected with brown rot

As you can imagine, disposing of all infected plant tissue can be a challenge, particularly with certain species. Cherry brown rot is an example. The number of ornamental flowering cherry trees in landscapes and on neighboring properties make it easy for the disease to multiply. The ability of spores to spread easily with wind and rain exasperates the problem. Removal of infected tissue from a site usually does not eliminate the re-introduction of spores the following season. In these cases, the only disease management measures are to treat preventively or to plant varieties with proven resistance.

Treatment can be highly effective when it is timed right. A good understanding of managing foliar disease goes a long way. One example is the treatment of apple scab in ornamental apple and crabapple trees. Treat apple scab preventively during spring to stop premature leaf loss. When fruit production is important, additional treatments later in the season will help maintain fruit quality and appearance even when the disease is well past the point of damaging foliage. 

apple scab
Close-up view of leaf spots caused by apple scab disease

Foliar diseases are very common. You should always keep an eye on the appearance of your trees’ leaves. If you notice anything amiss, a Certified Arborist can help you figure out if disease is present or there is another issue.

The post Leaves Look Bad? Prevent & Treat Foliar Disease first appeared on Tree Topics.

This post first appeared on https://www.bartlett.com/

How To Build a Treehouse in 11 Easy Steps

Building a treehouse requires planning

Avoid catastrophic accidents and injuries from a poorly constructed treehouse. Knowing how to properly plan and construct a treehouse will help you provide years of fun and learning experiences for your children and their friends.

72tree.com gathered the following essential information, steps, and professional tips on safely constructing a treehouse.

Treehouse Construction

Building a treehouse can provide years of a “second home” for you, your loved ones, and their friends. The following steps and tips will help you build a safe and weather-resistant outdoors retreat:

Step 1 – Select Your Tree(s)

Choose a tree sturdy enough to withstand the weight of your new treehouse and its visitors. Ideally, a tree with a distinct “y” shaped branch will serve you best, but there are other things to consider:

Species: Hardwood varieties (oak, maple, and hickory)
Height: The tree should be tall enough to provide a fun view but should consider the safety of the builder and children as well. A minimum of 6 to 10 feet high is recommended.
Branches: The branches need to be strong and thick enough to bear the structure’s weight.
Quality: Take care to select a tree that is not damaged or ailing in any way. Avoid trees with shallow roots or unstable soil, making them more vulnerable with a weak foundation.

Building a treehouse requires careful tree selection

Tip: If you do not have a tree that could support your idea of a treehouse, consider building one on stilts around a tree. You’ll have to significantly modify your blueprints, but you can still build your outdoor retreat.

Step 2 – Design Your Treehouse Blueprint

Your next step is to design the treehouse plans as accurately and as detailed as possible. Developing a treehouse blueprint will help you acquire the right materials during the build. 

Measure the intended height from the ground to the platform, then measure how large you want the platform, and finally, measure the circumference of the trunk and branches that will intersect with the treehouse.

The height and platform measurements are crucial to your build. They will ultimately decide the project’s shape and details. Include your ideas for walls, railings, roofing, and ladder. These will provide shelter and safety for the treehouse’s visitors.  

Step 3 – Consult an Arborist and an architect

Before moving forward, hire an arborist to evaluate the tree you have selected for your project. Experienced arborists are trained to detect developmental issues, disease, infestations, and other commonly overlooked tree problems and weaknesses.

Find a local arborist at treesaregood.org/findanarborist

Once your tree has a green light from your arborist, contract an architect to review your blueprints and offer any suggestions to increase your treehouse’s stability and safety.

Step 4 – Assemble Construction Material

Building a treehouse requires good lumber selection

What Is the best lumber for outdoor projects?

•Cedar is preferred when it comes to outdoor designs, while pine and fir are most commonly selected for outdoor treated wood projects

•Pressure-treated wood is chemically treated using pesticides, fire retardants, etc.

According to your blueprints, purchase the appropriate lumber quantity and size to complete your treehouse and have a few planks to spare (these come in handy for repairs or minor building modifications).

Tip: Verify your measurements before purchasing your lumber.

Referring to your blueprints, determine how you plan to attach and secure your treehouse components. Consider the following:

•Galvanized lag screws and washers

•Galvanized joist hangers

•Galvanized rafter ties

•Nails

•Deck screws

•Pulley for 1/4″ rope

•Tarp

Tip: Galvanized screws, nails, and metal components are zinc coated and have undergone a galvanization process. This process leaves the metal with a protective barrier making it resistant to rust and corrosion.

Step 5 – Treehouse Building Tools

Building a treehouse requires carpentry tools

Consider that you are building a small, elevated house. Here are some of the building tools required for this project:

•Hammer

•Saw

•Level

•Square

•Tape measure

•Adjustable wrench

•Cordless drill

•Cordless jigsaw

Other useful tools include:

•Miter saw (cutting lumber to length)

•Table saw (ripping lumber)

•Router (rounding sharp edges)

•Electric sander

Note: A stable ladder or stepladder is vital to preventing overhead lifting and potential injuries.

Step 6 – Lay Out the Wood and Material

Before attaching any treehouse components to your tree or mounted supports, lay out the section of the project to visualize what you are assembling. This will give you the opportunity to make any needed alterations or additions.

Note: This step also allows you to collect any hardware you will need before going to work on it

Step 7 – Secure the Support System to the Tree

Now it’s time to either attach the floor joists to the tree or put your concrete deck blocks and posts in place. 

When using the tree for support:

•Pre-drill the tree and lumber before attaching them to one another, as it will make it easier to install and significantly decrease the potential of your boards cracking.

•Once drilled, use an impact wrench to tighten the screws. These lag screws should be at least 6 inches long. 

•Now, add the remaining floor joists.

With the joists in place, add joist hangers using your hammer and 1-inch galvanized nails.

When using concrete deck blocks:

•Place your concrete deck blocks around your tree as determined in your blueprint.

•Place 4 x 4 posts on the concrete deck blocks and use scrap lumber to hold them up until they are connected.   

•Once posts are on the blocks, connect them using 2 x 8 bands. 

•Use a level to make sure they are lined up correctly.

Building a treehouse requires some precision construction and leveling

Tip: Whatever height you attach your floor joists on the tree will not change as the tree grows. Tree trunks grow outward by adding layers to their circumference but not upward.

Step 8 – Build Your Platform

To keep your treehouse stable, center the load over the trunk and spread the weight among several branches (if possible).

It will be much easier to build the rest of the treehouse if the floor is level and can support the entire weight of the structure. Consider the following:

•Lay beams across tree branches and shim them until level.

•Run beams between trunks of two trees.

•Cantilever beams out from a single trunk and provide support from above or below.

Tip: Take your time building the platform. Any mistakes here could result in a flimsy or off-centered construction.

Step 9 – Brace Your Platform

Building a treehouse requires securing connections

Your platform should feel secure and not wobble or shift. If it does, you will need to add extra support to halt this movement by:

•Tightening screws and bolts

•Adding additional support from the trunk

•Making sure joist hangers and rafter ties are properly spaced and installed

Tip: Do not continue building your treehouse until you have firmly secured the platform

Step 10 – Install a Pulley System

A pulley will mostly be for your kids’ enjoyment, but it’s helpful for lifting tools and materials to the platform during construction. Put a pulley in now and hang a basket from it. This will save you from making multiple trips to manually haul your building materials up a ladder.

Step 11 – Build Walls and a Roof

Attach wall supports or framework to your platform (this should be planned out in your blueprints). Remember to give your walls the needed height and strength to support the treehouse’s roof.

Building a treehouse requires attaching walls and a roof

If you are using paneling, attach the panels to the frame and cut out your windows and door.

You can temporarily use a tarp held in place with bungee cords for the roof.

Once you have built a fully functional and secure treehouse, attach its permanent ladder and put it to good use.

Municipal Codes and Building Permits

Do you need a building permit?

Maybe. It depends on local laws and the nature of your treehouse. If you’re considering building one that will be visible to your neighbors, discuss it with them in advance to avoid any confusion or problems. Often a municipality only becomes involved after a neighbor complains.

Avoid building near property lines and never build a treehouse where it will infringe on a neighbor’s privacy.

Tip: This is one of the questions you will answer in step 3 with your architect.

How to Minimize Tree Damage

Also, in step 3, work with your arborist to discuss ways to minimize or prevent tree damage during your construction process. Consider the following:

•Consider using ground supports to take stress off the tree.

•Make the least amount of punctures necessary to safely support the treehouse.

•Don’t screw fasteners in too close together (this can significantly weaken that section of the tree). Use bolts spaced at least 18 inches apart vertically and 12 inches apart horizontally.

•Avoid slinging cables and ropes over branches. They can cut through the bark (girdling the branches) as the structure moves.

Building a treehouse requires protecting the tree from girdling

Note: Any tree bark damage is a potential entry point for infestations and disease.

Building a Treehouse

In this article, you discovered steps, advice, and pro tips on how to safely construct a treehouse for your family’s enjoyment.

Knowing how to properly design and build a treehouse will help you create a stable play place for your loved ones and family friends.

Trying to build a treehouse without planning it out or consulting tree and building professionals can result in catastrophic structural failures and severe injuries.

Sources:
newswire.caes.uga.edu/story/3645/tree-safe-tree-houses.html
glendaleca.gov/government/departments/public-works/indigenous-tree-program/treehouse-guide
cdnc.ucr.edu/?a=d&d=SFC19100828.2.200.11&e=——-en–20–1–txt-txIN——–1

This article was first published on: http://www.72tree.com/how-to-build-a-treehouse-in-11-easy-steps/

What Causes a Tree to Deteriorate and Die?

Spring is finally here, even if the weather hasn’t broken quite yet. This is the time of the year where homeowners get ready to start there spring cleaning and landscaping. When it comes to trees it’s important to not overdo the tree care because this can be bad for the tree’s health.

Did you know that putting a foot or more of mulch at the base of a tree is not good for it? Trees need oxygen and adequate water flow, and those huge, tall clumps of mulch deprive the tree of both. Plus, they look ridiculous.

Over-Caring for Your Tree

Also, did you know you can over water a tree? You don’t want to deprive your tree of water, but you don’t want to over water it either. If you see leaves turning yellow and reducing in number when they shouldn’t be, the tree may be over watered, which could kill it.

After a long winter, when plows put a lot of de-icing salt on the roads, some of that salt ends up in your driveway and down in the soil on your property. The combo of sodium chloride can end up in a tree’s roots, damaging them. In fact, de-icing salt in your soil tends to suck up the water, not allowing it to drain properly, leading to root rot and trees dying.

Solving Lawn Problems the Wrong Way

If you have your lawn sprayed with pesticides and herbicides, it may make your grass look nice, but it can cause some problems in the long term. In the case of trees, they may get discolored foliage and premature leaf loss. Some may even die.

And, of course, there are pesky bugs, such as beetles, that can seemingly take over a tree and slowly but surely kill it.

Big Foot Tree Service keeps busy removing and replacing dead or damaged trees in New Jersey. Call 973-885-8000 to ask about a free estimate for tree care in your yard.

The post What Causes a Tree to Deteriorate and Die? appeared first on Big Foot Tree Service.

This post first appeared on https://www.bigfoottreeservice.com

White Fir

Evergreen trees are frequently associated with sparkling snow and the Christmas season. Indeed, these trees shine in the landscape during winter when other color is hard to find. But the real value of evergreens is in their true, four-season beauty and adaptability. The white fir (Abies concolor) tree is no exception. This hardy species has good looks to offer all year long!

foliage of white fir

White fir, also known as concolor fir, grows in a pleasing pyramidal shape. This shape offers a nice contrast to deciduous trees and is practical for keeping wet, heavy snow off the upper branches. The white fir’s blusih or silvery-green needles are also an attractive feature. Cones start out light green and turn purplish as they mature. Beyond its appearance, white fir also has a lovely citrus scent.

Growing White Fir

white fir

White fir is native to mountainous areas of the southwestern United States. The tree will grow in a wide range of zones. It is tolerant of drought conditions as well as cold temperatures. White fir prefers well-drained soil. Do not plant it in clay or on poorly-drained sites. This can lead to problems with the root system.

White fir grows slowly. Over 15 to 30 years, the average tree will reach between 30 and 40 feet tall. A large one can grow up to 50 feet with a 20-foot spread. The tree can also be planted in groups to make a nice privacy screen. Be sure to leave enough room for each individual plant to grow to its full size.

Cultivars

If you would like a white fir and don’t have the space, there are cultivars for even the smallest landscapes. For example, Abies concolor ‘Compacta’ is a dwarf cultivar that grows in an oval shape and reaches only five feet tall. Abies concolor ‘Blue Cloak’ is a weeping cultivar with powder blue needles that grows between eight and ten feet. Abies concolor ‘Candicans Nana’ is a shrublike cultivar that grows to only four feet tall with a spread of six to eight feet wide.

History

Naturalist Augustus Fendler first identified the species. During an expedition to the New Mexico area in 1846, he brought the tree back to Missouri. The tree was named after the Latin ‘concolor,’ which refers to the fact that the needles are the same color on both the top and bottom.

The tree has little value as a lumber product, but is nevertheless well-loved. Another naturalist, Donald Peattie, first recognized the utility of this species. in 1953 he wrote, “Rather does the future of this tree lie in its value as an ornamental.”

Today, of course, we know he was right. The white fir is a favorite in urban landscaping that enhances the site no matter the season.

The post White Fir first appeared on Tree Topics.

This post first appeared on https://www.bartlett.com/

Watch out for Hidden Ambrosia Beetles

What do you do as soon as a warm spring day arrives? Get outside of course! But you’re not the only one anxious for temperatures to rise. Many overwintering insects are just waiting for warmer weather so that they can wake up. With the spring season now upon us, one tree-dwelling denizen that’s important to watch out for is ambrosia beetles.

ambrosia beetles

Ambrosia beetles are actually a group of insects including several different species. They live their lives inside of trees. However, unlike bark beetles that inhabit the outer layers of a tree, ambrosia beetles burrow deep into the tree. They carry with them a fungus, called ambrosia fungi, that is rubbed off and deposited in the tree as the beetles tunnel. The larvae and adult females depend on this fungus as a food source. Trees can contain from one to hundreds of individual beetles.

Bark beetles are already known as some of the most damaging insect pests of trees. The way they create galleries inside trees prevents the flow of water and nutrients. Ambrosia beetles add insult to injury with the fungi that they introduce. In addition to the boring damage caused by these pests, the fungi clog the infested tree’s vascular tissue causing the tree to decline.

Signs of Infestation

Ambrosia beetles are tiny so it can be difficult to know if they’re in your trees. There is one sign that is hard to miss. Small, toothpick-like sticks can be seen protruding from the tree trunk. As the beetles tunnel, they push sawdust out through their entry hole. This sawdust clings together forming these “toothpicks.” The strands are fragile and break off in wind or rain leaving only pencil-lead sized holes. A pile of sawdust near the base is further evidence of this type of internal insect activity.

ambrosia beetle frass
Toothpick-like frass resulting from an ambrosia beetle infestation.

At-Risk Trees

Most ambrosia beetles prefer dead and dying trees though several exotic species attack healthy trees. The insects have a seemingly uncanny ability to find and attack trees that are already under stress. In fact, though, trees under stress produce ethanol, which in turn attracts the beetles. Stressed trees produce ethanol as an emergency energy source. While helpful for the survival of a tree, the ethanol is also a cue for ambrosia beetles looking for a host.

Major weather events like winter storms, droughts or flooding often result in widespread tree damage. When this occurs, beetle populations can quickly rise and establish the area as an ambrosia beetle habitat.

In addition to these natural factors, other stressors can leave trees prone to attack. Improper irrigation, either too much or too little watering, can stress trees. Compacted soil from construction or even just foot traffic can also put trees under unnecessary stress. Lastly, young and newly planted trees can experience transplant shock. Any of these situations increase the likelihood of an ambrosia beetle infestation. As such, reduce the stress on your trees and keep them healthy, and you’ll decrease the chance of infestation. Address compacted soil and any nutrient deficiencies and take steps to encourage healthy root growth. This will relieve stress on older trees and encourage a healthy head start for newly planted trees.

The post Watch out for Hidden Ambrosia Beetles first appeared on Tree Topics.

This post first appeared on https://www.bartlett.com/

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